CLIVAR-FIO Summer School on Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate

Sunday, June 19, 2022 to Saturday, June 25, 2022
Event City: 
Event Attendance: 
Event Contact: 
Jing Li
Event Description: 


CLIVAR-FIO Summer School on Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate

19-25 June 2022, Qingdao China


A joint CLIVAR-FIO Summer School on 'Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate' will take place in 2022 at the First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources in Qingdao, China. The overview of this course is as follows:

Ocean macroturbulence comprises fronts, eddies, and currents on the ocean meso- and submeso-scales (1-300km). These features are ubiquitous in the world ocean, as revealed by observations and models now available at ever greater spatial resolutions. At the same time, there is mounting evidence that motions on these scales play fundamental roles in Earth’s climate system: by transporting heat, momentum, and nutrients within the ocean, by influencing air-sea fluxes of heat, freshwater, and carbon, and by shaping marine ecosystems.

Leading experts in ocean macroturbulence will address the following topics:

  • Observations: How are remote and in situ observations made on these scales, what new technologies (e.g. autonomous vehicles) are becoming available, and what are the challenges in analyzing and interpreting these data?
  • Dynamics: What are the dynamical mechanisms that produce meso- and sub-mesoscale motions? How do they interact with larger-scale circulations?
  • Modeling: How are meso- and submeso-scale motions represented in numerical models? What are the computational challenges to simulating these scales?
  • Role in climate: How do meso- and submeso-scale motions influence air-sea interactions and fluxes of energy and nutrients between the near-surface and deeper ocean? How do they shape marine ecosystems? What is the importance of ocean macroturbulence for simulating and projecting climate change?

Activities will comprise lectures, problem-solving, and discussions of recent journal articles; instructors will provide observational and model data sets for groups of participants to analyze. Groups of students will develop and present proposals for new research.

Meanwhile, a training course organised by UNESCO/IOC Regional Training and Research Center on Ocean Dynamics and Climate (ODC) on 'Regional Application of Coupled Climate Models', which was originally scheduled back to back with the CLIVAR-FIO Summer School, is now scheduled on 5-16 July 2021, Qingdao, China.

Date and Venue

  • CLIVAR-FIO Joint Summer School on ‘Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate’: 19-25 June 2022
  • UNESCO/IOC ODC Training Course On  'Regional Application of Coupled Climate Models': 5-16 July 2021

We encourage you to apply to both courses. More information can be found on the website of CLIVAR ( or the ODC Center at (


To download the CLIVAR-FIO Summer School Poster To download the ODC Training Course Poster


Working Language

The training course will be conducted in English.
The summer school is intended for early career scientists with research interests in ocean and climate. The applicants must have a good command of English. 

Dr. Walter Robinson (Director of the Summer School)

Affiliation: North Carolina State University, USA 
Research interest: large-scale dynamics of Earth’s atmosphere in the context of a changing climate
Current projects: How the extra-tropical storm tracks will change with global warming; The dynamics of atmospheric “blocking” and how it, too, may change with climate


Dr. Eric Chassignet (TBC)

Affiliation: Florida State University, USA
Research interests: the role of the ocean in climate variability from the complementary perspectives of coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling and observations, western boundary currents, associated eddies, the thermohaline circulation, and their impact on the world ocean circulation
Leadership: director of the Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies (COAPS); co-chair of OceanPredict; co-director of the Florida Climate Institute (FCI); lead investigator and director of the Consortium for Simulation of Oil-Microbial Interactions in the Ocean (CSOMIO)

Dr. Alice Della Penna

Affiliation: University of Washington, USA
Research interest: understanding how marine organisms (from phytoplankton to top predators) respond to the dynamic and heterogeneous environment of the open ocean
Publications: Global satellite-observed daily vertical migrations of ocean animals; Vertical Motions and Their Effects on a Biogeochemical Tracer in a Cyclonic Structure Finely Observed in the Ligurian Sea; Mesoscale eddies influence the movements of mature female white sharks in the Gulf Stream and Sargasso Sea

Dr. Changming Dong

Affiliation: Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology
Research Interest: physical oceanography, oceanic numerical modeling study and regional climate changes. 

Dr. Gwyn Evans 

Affiliation: UK National Oceanography Centre (NOC)
Research interest: 
dynamics of the ocean on a range of spatial and temporal scales, and in particular the roles of diabatic and adiabatic process in driving the global overturning circulation using water mass transformation frameworks in observational- and model-based data.

Dr. Xiaohui Ma

Affiliation: Ocean University of China
Research interest: Meso- and small-meso scale air-sea interaction in the western boundary current regions, and their impact on the large-scale oceanic and atmospheric circulation

Dr. Fangli Qiao 

Affiliation: First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, China
Research interests: ocean mixing and air-sea interaction, the development of new ocean circulation models and climate models by including surface waves, and marine ecosystem dynamics
Academic Awards: the Wooster Awards of North Pacific Marine Science Organization and Outstanding Scientist of IOC/Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific in 2014; the New Century Talents National Candidate in 2007; the Ninth China Youth Science and Technology Prize in 2006

Dr. Sabrina Speich 

Affiliation: Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, France 
Research interests: scale-interactions and in atmosphere-ocean dynamics, and how they affect the Earth climate and marine ecosystems under global warming
Leadership: PI of GoodHope and BONUS-GoodHope observing programs; vice chair of the executive committee of the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning (SAMOC) international initiative; co-chair of the Atlantic CLIVAR Panel

Dr. Sebastiaan Swart

Affiliation: University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Research interest: Observations of eddy-atmosphere interactions


Application (Please stay tuned for the new announcement):

Applications that were received already will still be evaluated and there will be another round of accepting applications after the new date has been announced.
A limited number of grants are available to support the attendance of selected participants, with priority given to participants from developing countries. There is no registration fee. A selection committee will be set-up with a view to selecting the most qualified early career scientists among applications to receive financial assistance. You will be asked to identify your financial request in the registration system. The information filled in the application will be of great help for the selection process.
Selected trainees need to send a copy of your passport to and by xxx (to be updated). Please check the visa requirements with the Chinese Embassy/Consulate in your country and apply for it as soon as possible. The local secretariat ( will be glad to provide you any assistance upon your request.
Contact Information

Dr. Jose Santos
Executive Director 
International CLIVAR Project Office (ICPO)

Dr Xunqiang Yin
The First Institute of Oceanography, MNR, China