CLIVAR-FIO Summer School on Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate

Sunday, August 14, 2022 to Saturday, August 20, 2022
Event City: 
Event Attendance: 
By registration
Event Contact: 
Jing Li
Event Description: 


CLIVAR-FIO Summer School on Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate

14-20 August 2022, Qingdao China & Online

A joint CLIVAR-FIO Summer School on 'Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate' will be organised  in a hybrid format (onsite in FIO, Qingdao, China with online participation) at on 14-20 August 2022The overview of this course is as follows:

Ocean macroturbulence comprises fronts, eddies, and currents on the ocean meso- and submeso-scales (1-300km). These features are ubiquitous in the world ocean, as revealed by observations and models now available at ever greater spatial resolutions. At the same time, there is mounting evidence that motions on these scales play fundamental roles in Earth’s climate system: by transporting heat, momentum, and nutrients within the ocean, by influencing air-sea fluxes of heat, freshwater, and carbon, and by shaping marine ecosystems.

Leading experts in ocean macroturbulence will address the following topics:

  • Observations: How are remote and in situ observations made on these scales, what new technologies (e.g. autonomous vehicles) are becoming available, and what are the challenges in analyzing and interpreting these data?
  • Dynamics: What are the dynamical mechanisms that produce meso- and sub-mesoscale motions? How do they interact with larger-scale circulations?
  • Modeling: How are meso- and submeso-scale motions represented in numerical models? What are the computational challenges to simulating these scales?
  • Role in climate: How do meso- and submeso-scale motions influence air-sea interactions and fluxes of energy and nutrients between the near-surface and deeper ocean? How do they shape marine ecosystems? What is the importance of ocean macroturbulence for simulating and projecting climate change?

Activities will comprise lectures, problem-solving, and discussions of recent journal articles; instructors will provide observational and model data sets for groups of participants to analyze. Groups of students will develop and present proposals for new research.

Who should participate?
This Summer School is intended for anyone who works in climate research or applications that are influenced by the marine environment. If you are (or are training to be) a climate or oceanographic researcher, a weather or marine forecaster, or a resource manager, interested in investigating when, where, and how ocean macroturbulences matter for your work, please register to participate.
Outcomes: participants completing this School will be able to:
describe the distribution of eddying motions in the world’s oceans and how such motions affect the distributions of ocean properties: heat, salinity, nutrients, and biota, and thus play a role in the earth's climate
explain the dynamical sources of ocean mesoscale and submesoscale motions and describe how these motions modulate air-sea interactions.
evaluate how the absence of ocean eddies from most global models (such as IPCC-class climate models and global coupled forecasting systems) impacts the accuracy and usefulness of these models for the participant’s particular areas of interest, be they in climate research or applications.
anticipate the value of eddy permitting and resolving models and data sets for the participant’s area of interest or application and formulate plans to use such data and output in their future work.

Meanwhile, a training course organised by UNESCO/IOC Regional Training and Research Center on Ocean Dynamics and Climate (ODC) on 'Prediction and Projection of Climate​', which was originally scheduled back to back with the CLIVAR-FIO Summer School, is now scheduled on 22-27 August 2022 (onsite in FIO, Qingdao, China and with online participation) .

Download flyer for CLIVAR-FIO Summer School Download flyer for ODC Training Course

Date and Venue

  • CLIVAR-FIO Joint Summer School on ‘Ocean Macroturbulence and Its Role in Earth’s Climate’: 14-20 August 2022 (onsite in Qingdao, China, with online participation)
  • UNESCO/IOC ODC Training Course on 'Prediction and Projection of Climate': 22-27 August 2022 (onsite in Qingdao with online participation)

We encourage you to apply to both courses. More information can be found on the website of CLIVAR ( or the ODC Center at (  

Working Language

The training course will be conducted in English.
The summer school is intended for early career scientists with research interests in ocean and climate. The applicants must have a good command of English. 

Dr. Walter Robinson (Director of the Summer School)

Affiliation: North Carolina State University, USA 
Research interest: large-scale dynamics of Earth’s atmosphere in the context of a changing climate
Current projects: How the extra-tropical storm tracks will change with global warming; The dynamics of atmospheric “blocking” and how it, too, may change with climate


Dr. Alice Della Penna

Affiliation: University of Washington, USA
Research interest: understanding how marine organisms (from phytoplankton to top predators) respond to the dynamic and heterogeneous environment of the open ocean
Publications: Global satellite-observed daily vertical migrations of ocean animals; Vertical Motions and Their Effects on a Biogeochemical Tracer in a Cyclonic Structure Finely Observed in the Ligurian Sea; Mesoscale eddies influence the movements of mature female white sharks in the Gulf Stream and Sargasso Sea

Dr. Changming Dong

Affiliation: Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology
Research Interest: physical oceanography, oceanic numerical modeling study and regional climate changes. 

Dr. Gwyn Evans 

Affiliation: UK National Oceanography Centre (NOC)
Research interest: 
dynamics of the ocean on a range of spatial and temporal scales, and in particular the roles of diabatic and adiabatic process in driving the global overturning circulation using water mass transformation frameworks in observational- and model-based data.

Dr. Xiaohui Ma

Affiliation: Ocean University of China
Research interest: Meso- and small-meso scale air-sea interaction in the western boundary current regions, and their impact on the large-scale oceanic and atmospheric circulation

Dr. Fangli Qiao 

Affiliation: First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, China
Research interests: ocean mixing and air-sea interaction, the development of new ocean circulation models and climate models by including surface waves, and marine ecosystem dynamics
Academic Awards: the Wooster Awards of North Pacific Marine Science Organization and Outstanding Scientist of IOC/Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific in 2014; the New Century Talents National Candidate in 2007; the Ninth China Youth Science and Technology Prize in 2006

Dr. Zhenya Song

Affiliation: First Institute of Oceanography (FIO), MNR, China
Research interest: Climate model development and applications, climate change, tropical air-sea interaction, high-performance computing, and machine learning.

Dr. Sebastiaan Swart

Affiliation: University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Research interest: Observations of eddy-atmosphere interactions



​        Deadline: 30 April 2022 , 24:00 GMT+8

Applications that were received already will still be evaluated and there will be another round of accepting applications after the new date has been announced.

In case you had difficulty in accessing the online system, please send the Registration Form by email to both Dr Jose Santos ( and Dr Xunqiang Yin ( by 30 April 2022, 24:00 GMT+8.

A limited number of grants are available to support the attendance of selected participants, with priority given to participants from developing countries. There is no registration fee. A selection committee will be set-up with a view to selecting the most qualified early career scientists among applications to receive financial assistance. You will be asked to identify your financial request in the registration system. The information filled in the application will be of great help for the selection process.
Selected trainees need to send a copy of your passport to and by xxx (to be updated). Please check the visa requirements with the Chinese Embassy/Consulate in your country and apply for it as soon as possible. The local secretariat ( will be glad to provide you any assistance upon your request.
Contact Information

Dr. Jose Santos
Executive Director 
International CLIVAR Project Office (ICPO)

Dr Xunqiang Yin
The First Institute of Oceanography, MNR, China